How did Roosevelt’s New Nationalism and Wilson’s New Freedom relate to principles of democracy/republicanism?

By admin ~ October 10th, 2010 @ 2:59 pm

How did Teddy Roosevelt’s New Nationalism and Woodrow Wilson’s New Freedom relate to the principles of democracy/republicanism?
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1 Response to How did Roosevelt’s New Nationalism and Wilson’s New Freedom relate to principles of democracy/republicanism?

  1. wahm

    New Nationalism was Theodore Roosevelt’s Progressive political philosophy during the 1912 election. He made the case for what he called the New Nationalism in a speech in Osawatomie, Kansas, in August 1910. The central issue, he argued, was human welfare versus property rights. He insisted that only a powerful federal government could regulate the economy and guarantee social justice. Roosevelt believed that the concentration in industry was not necessarily bad, if the industry behaved itself. He wanted executive agencies (not the courts) to regulate business. The federal government should be used to protect the laboring man, women and children from what he believed to be exploitation. In terms of policy, the New Nationalism supported child labor laws and a minimum wage laws for women. The book Promise of American Life, written by Herbert Croly, influenced Theodore Roosevelt. This is in direct contrast with Woodrow Wilson’s policy of The New Freedom, which promoted antitrust modification, tariff reduction, and banking and currency reform

    The New Freedom policy of U.S. President Woodrow Wilson promoted antitrust modification, tariff revision, and reform in banking and currency matters.

    This policy stood in opposition to former President Theodore Roosevelt’s ideas of New Nationalism, particularly on the issue of antitrust modification. According to Wilson, “If America is not to have free enterprise, she can have freedom of no sort whatever.” In presenting his policy, Wilson warned that New Nationalism represented collectivism, while New Freedom stood for political and economic liberty from such things as trusts (powerful monopolies). Although he and Roosevelt agreed that economic power was being abused by the American government, Wilson’s ideas split with Roosevelt on how the government should handle the restraint of private power as in through dismantling corporations that had too much economic power in a large society.



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