Historical European Politics

By admin ~ August 1st, 2010 @ 7:12 pm

It is said that the continent of Europe has been inhabited by humans since BC 35000. In these incredibly long duration, the first sign is political power was seen in Greece, which was mentioned as a kingdom in Homer’s Iliad, supposed to be written in BC 700. Roman Empire was believed to have come into existence a good two centuries later, in BC 509. Christian religion was adopted by kings of most regions in AD 400. During those times, Rome, Constantinople, Antioch, Jerusalem, and Alexandria emerged as the five major cities of the continent. Later, Europe was attacked many times by the army of several Asian kings. Also there was a fierce outbreak of plague in Europe in the first millennia after Christ.

Later existing European kingdoms in Rome and Greece were destroyed by the attacking army of Asian countries. During this period, there were no powerful king or kingdom in Europe and this is known in history as the Dark Age. Later, from this historical darkness emerged the Byzantine Empire. The Holy Roman Empire came into existence in AD 800, having France as its base. Germany, Italy, and Bohemia were some of the present-day countries which were part of the Holy Roman Empire. Charlemagne, king o the Franks, was the most prominent king during this era. He had the blessings of the Christian Church and Pope. Bulgaria was established in AD 681 and it was the beginning of the creation of many countries that form part of the present-day Eastern Europe. By the end of the first millennium, several other countries, such as Poland, Hungary, Serbia and Croatia and the entire Balkan region had come to the forefront of European countries.

In the 13th century, there were severe outbreaks of unknown diseases in Europe. It is known as Black Death. It was in 1492 that the first signs of the present-day Europe were seen. There were many cultural movements and social revolutions in Europe. The terms Holy wars, Renaissance, Reformation, and Enlightenment denote some of these events that changed the course of European history. Later Baltic Sea became a vital trade source in the commercial map of ancient Europe. This led the way to the improvement of political situations in Poland, Hungary, and Bohemia. Later in the fifteenth century, Ottoman emperors from Turkey conquered most of the parts from Europe. They were so powerful leaders that they ruled those regions until almost the nineteenth century. In the nineteenth century, Ottoman kingdom was disintegrated and came to an end in 1922. The decline and end of Ottoman Empire cleared the path for many countries to emerge from relative obscurity, especially England and France. And then came the world wars, in which Europe was heavily polarized. The continent survived the two world wars, and now it is in the threshold of combining all the countries in the continent to form a European Union.

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